Bonding involves adhering composite resin material that is matched to the color of the tooth, to the front of the tooth. This is done to repair damage done to the tooth by decay, to alter the alignment of the tooth, close gaps between the teeth, or for cosmetic purposes.
First the surface of the tooth is roughened in order to accept the bonding and hold it. A special glue is used to hold the resin material to the tooth. It is activated by using a blue light. Then the material itself is placed on the tooth and hardened with the intense light. The composite resin material is shaped and polished to get a lustrous finish as a last step.